PHATIC TALK, PROSODIC FEATURES (PROSODY), PARALINGUISTIC FEATURES, FILLERS, BACK-CHANNEL NOISES, FALSE STARTS, TOPIC CHANGES, AGENDA, TURN TAKING, ADJACENCY PAIRS, ELLIPSIS, ELISION, NON-FLUENCY FEATURES
Using the library, Internet etc, match the definitions below with the correct term from the drop down box.
Often referred to as the ‘small talk’ at the start of a conversation. Phrases such as “How are you?” which establish social contact and a suitable basis from which to continue the conversation.
This refers to the kinds of utterance and response that usually occur together, such as question/answer, request/denial or agreement, invitation/refusal or acceptance. Intuitive knowledge of these helps speakers structure their conversation.
The movements that go with talk, such as facial expressions, gestures and posture.
This is where some words in a sentence are omitted but the speakers understand what is meant from the context.
When a speaker begins an utterance and then restarts.
Some researchers have claimed that speakers manage their conversation so that they do take turns and so that overlaps are managed. This is about speakers working together to carry a conversation forward.
This term can refer to the purpose of a speaker within the conversation, for example a speaker’s agenda might be decline an invitation to a friend’s party without giving offence.
These are parts of speech which are normal occurrences which occur as a speaker negotiates their way through a conversation. Things such as pauses, repetitions and hesitations are included. This can seem like a pejorative term but usually these features do not indicate a lack of certainty or skill on the part of the speaker.
This refers to the way sounds are omitted in speech e.g. “fish n chips”
Sounds which occupy pauses in speech, such as “er”, “um” etc.
Sounds which the listener makes to encourage the speaker and indicate that they are actively listening.
The sound features of talk, such as rhythm pitch and speed.
Refers to points in a conversation where one of the participants clearly changes the subject, usually for a reason, and so alters the direction of the conversation.
Network connection lost. (Autosave failed).